WPA - Works Progress Administration - New Deal Artists

Affiliation: referring to artists employed by the WPA from 1935-1943.

The Works Progress Administration (WPA) was instituted by presidential executive order under the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of April 1935, to generate public jobs for the unemployed. The WPA was restructured in 1939 when it was reassigned to the Federal Works Agency.

By 1936 over 3.4 million people were employed on various WPA programs. Administered by Harry Hopkins and furnished with an original congressional allocation of $4.8 billion, the WPA made work accessible to the unemployed on an unparalleled scale by disbursing funds for an extensive array of programs. Hopkins argued that although the work relief program was more costly than direct relief payments, it was worth it. He averred, "Give a man a dole, and you save his body and destroy his spirit. Give him a job and you save both body and spirit."

Old Names:
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Members

Stanley F. Abstetar Roland Edgar Adams Walter Burt Adams
Marley H Aken Joseph Francis Alderkauski Helen L. Allen
Carl Thomas Anderson Howard Benjamin Anderson Harold William Andrews
Helen Wann Annen Kathryn Dayton Aurner Carroll Nellie Bailey
Harriet Frary Bain Gerhard H. Bakker Charles Norman Barnum
Eleanore Barte Rufus A. Bastian Anna Loessin Becker
Sidney Nelson Bedore Burton Irving Beebe Nile Jurgen Behncke
Louise Harrison Belden Lester W. Bentley Irving Lew Biehn
Otto F. Bielefeld William Blaesing Arnold Blanch
Marie Bleck George F. Bobholz Marian Ruth Bode
Henry Bolmes Marie Senf Borchardt Burton Shepard Boundey
Francis Scott Bradford Frank E. Buffmire George Thomas Burns
Edna Charlotte Carlsten Bonnie Chambers Francis Chapin
Stephen Johnson Chappelle Jessie Kalmbach Chase Rebecca M. Chase
Charlotte Jeffery Chenoweth Marion Stenz Choinska Ludwig John Cinatl
Emilia Goldsworthy Clark Paul Lewis Clemens Arthur Nicholson Colt
Kenneth John Conant Gertrude Mae Copp Doris K. Cox
Earl Cozington Adelyne Schaefer Cross Frederica Ritter Cutcheon
Orison Carl Daeda Gustaf Oscar Dalstrom Margaret Davis Clark
Helga Haugen Dean Warren Phineas Dettmann Henrietta Dew
Dorothy Ethel Diehl George Adams Dietrich Thomas Mueller Dietrich
Virginia Linise Doern Thomas M. Dooley Margrette Oatway Dornbusch
Adrian J. Dornbush Anna Belle Drake Curt Drewes
Alvin Jack Drover Frank Virgil Dudley Loraine Lucille Dury
Edward Dwight Charles Henry Ebert Alice Righter Edmiston
P. Richard Eells Homer F. Ellertson Albert Wilhelm (Adalbert) Elsner
Marcella Enos Oscar B. Erickson Bruno Ertz
Pryce Herbert Evans Eugene James Faber Vahdat Fahimeh
Charles Willard Fairchild Elfie Rolke Farber Paul W. Faulkner
Max Margius Fernekes Reubey Statira Ferris Jean Lucia Findlay
Hulda Rotier Fischer M. Virginia Fisher Forrest Wayne Flower
Winifred B. Ford Frances M. Foy William H. Frank
George Frederiksen Arthur C. Frick Florence Wilkins Furst
Arthur T Gabrielson Samuel Gansheroff Verona Ellen Gavin
C. Keith Gebhardt Harold H. Gebhardt Byron Gere
Fritz Haase Gerlach M W Gilbert Ellen Strachan Gilbert
Boris Gilbertson Warren Anthony Gilbertson Walter Karl Ginther
Marshall Glasier Thomas Googerty John Goray
Freya Grand Dan Webber Green Samuel Magee Green
Alberta Mae Greene Jefferson Elliot Greer Nina Kickbusch Griffin
Earl Groetzinger Ella Rothschild Groetzinger Emily Parker Groom
Ruth D. Grotenrath Carl Alfred Grubert Antoinette K. Gruppe
Charlotte G. Frietsch Gunter Albert Hahn Robert Thomas Halbrook
Gordon Herman Hampel Armin O. Hansen Stella Emma Harlos
Elmer Esmond Harmes Elizabeth Marshall Harris Grace Alice Milner Hawkins
Margaret Helen Heiden Wilmot Emerton Heitland Harold Henry Heller
Ronald Hesslgrave William Thomas Hickinson Morley G. Hicks
Henry Barnard Hitz Carl Robert Holty Arthur Russell Hurtt
Katherine Ely Ingraham Walter Felix Janisch Richard H. Jansen
Edward L. Jansen Charlotte Jean Jeffery Rudolf Alfred Jegart
Elsa Laubach Jemne Agnes Cecelia Jessen Carl Johnson
Marjorie Jean Johnson Robert Henry Johnson Leroy Ferdinand Jonas
Ruth Jones Joseph Benjamin Joyce John P. H. Just
Karl Hermann Kahlich Mary June Kellogg Rice Arthur Frank Klingberg
Karl Otto Knaths Edwin B. Knutesen Armand D. Koch
John Owen Koert Charlotte Henrietta Schroeder Kohler Chet Harmon LaMore
Paul Arno Lauterbach Ralph N. Leavens Charles George LeClair
Lowell Merritt Lee Edmund D. Lewandowski Harry Edward Lichter
Schomer Lichtner Agnes Harrison Lincoln Thorsten Harold Frederick Lindberg
Clarice George Logan Frederick Manning Logan Harvey Willis Logan
Marjorie Sybilla Logan Robert Dwight Logan John W. Luedke
Marjorie Kaltenbach Lueloff Charlotte Ruth Major Eleanor J. Mathews
Anna Lou Matthews Donald Magnus Mattison Chester J. Mayer
Flora E. Mears Dorothy Laverne Meredith Donna Phillip Miller
Harry Maynard Miller Kenneth Neils Miller Edward Lewis Morton
Edith Livingston Moshchansky Milton Lambert Nenahlo Laura Aldrich Nesse
Robert Franz Albert von Neumann Myron Chester Nutting William H. Oatway
Bernice Olivia Oehler Catherine Blanche O'Keeffe Leo Raymond Ostrenga
Russell Curtiss Parr David Goode Parsons Charlotte Russell Partridge
Katharine K. Pearman Alfred George Pelikan Clarence Nicholas Peters
Winifred Estelle Phillips Chester Russell Pieper Merlin F. Pollock
Leslie Thomas Posey Burton Lee Potterveld Louis Lee Powell
Karl J. Priebe Victor William Purdy Walter Wellington Quirt
Earl Thomas Raine Bernice Bertha Ramthun Glen Allison Ranney
Raymond N. Redell Ruth Kay Reindahl Erma Augusta Riekkoff
Dell Michelson Rindy Betsy Ritz Friebert Tom Lee Rost
Peter C. Rotier Walter Vladimir Rousseff Jan C. Sabre
Helene O'Keefe Samuel Thomas Michael Savage Robert W. Schellin
Audrey D. Schini Mathilde Georgine Schley Harold A. Schultz
Donna Norine Schuster James Alfred Schwalbach Lester O. Schwartz
James F. Scott Alice Nicholson Seacord Alfred Abraham Sessler
E. Hill Sharp Adolph Robert Shulz Ada Walter Shulz
Gerrit Van W. Sinclair Evelyn Rose Sindel Lela Borah Smith
Matthew B. Smith Paul H. Smith Emilie E. Snyder
Ethel Spears Margaret Rowena Spears George F. Spinti
Clayton Henri Staples Roland Stewart Stebbins Raymond P. Stelzner
Edith Alice Sternfeld Hans John Stoltenberg Jessie Searle Storey
Allen John Strang Joseph Henry Sweeney Sam Swerdloff
Bob A. Tardiff Clementine Ruth Thill Howard Thomas
Allan F. Thomas Harvey E. Thoss Charles Winstanley Thwaites
Albert Otto Tiemann Alexander Del Tillotson Edward J. Finley Timmons
Florence Kidder Tomlinson Carrie Stratton Ubbelohde Elsa Emilie Ulbricht
Frank Albert Bernhardt Utpatel Marion Kissinger Valentine John Owen Van Koert
Adolph Vandertie William Harrison Varnum Wilfred L. Veenendaal
Victor F. M. Volk Barbara K. Warren Weismann James Scales Watrous
Dudley Crafts Watson Donald Leroy Weismann Harold George Wescott
Louise Williamson Westby Patricia Erva Wetzel Peter Whitebird
Dick Wiken Harold R. Wilde A. Reid Winsey
Esther M. Christiansen Young Harold Walter Young Esther M. Christensen Young
Santos Zingale
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